Essential Diving Gear For Beginners

In this article, we will focus on scuba diving which falls under the purview of underwater swimming where the diver uses underwater breathing apparatus which are self-contained to breathe underwater. These divers always carry with them tank full of compressed air which gives them longer endurance in the water and allows ease of movement.
Origin of Scuba Diving
Underwater diving is an endeavor that has been practiced over a very long time the ancient divers used hollow reeds as rudimentary snorkels to breathe while submerged others even made eye goggles from thinly cut and polished tortoise shells. At this point in history, diving was done for purposes of finding food, shells, and pearls.
Since the reeds could not have the divers go deep into the water people begun crafting equipment that would help in underwater exploration this saw the development of the diving bells. These bells operated through water being trapped in an open-bottomed container where the diver would swim out from for short excursions then go back in for air until the air became un-breathable.
Over time advancements have been made to develop leather diving suits combined with air from manual pumps with the research made by Paul Bert and John Scott on the effects of water pressure on the human body with studies and reports showing the forming of Nitrogen Bubbles in the blood at certain water depths which would cause ‘bends’ and decompression sickness.
All these studies helped improve the diving gear to ensure the drivers’ safety in 1917 the United States Navy started using a helmet and later Jacques Cousteau and Emile Gagnan co-invented the modern demand regulator that would automatically fresh the air once a diver took a breath and the improved autonomous diving suit.
Types of Scuba Diving
1. Drift Diving. This type is where the divers let themselves flow with the water current which potentially improves their air preservation.
2. Night Diving. Here the divers go into the water during the hours of extreme darkness and because most animals in the water are nocturnal they get to experience a wide array of the underwater environment.
3. Deep Diving. Any diving that is beyond 20 meters which are 60 feet is considered a deep dive. However, different kinds of diving have their specific definition with recreational diving having a depth limit of 40 meters and technical diving 60 meters.
4. Cave Diving. This is done as a form of exploration the divers explore water passageways through the various submerged caves.
5. Open Water Diving. This is a certification that a diver has to take to prove that they are capable to dive in unrestricted water bodies such as the ocean or sea this kind of training is used for recreational scuba diving.
6. Wreck Diving. In this type of diving, the divers explore the wreckage of submerged artificial structures such as ships, planes or even buildings.
7. Rescue Diving. These kinds of divers are those that are trained to respond to emergency situations that occur underwater they are trained for rescue and first aid techniques.
8. Ice Diving. This is the activity of exploring the marine life that s beneath an ice layer which is done through cutting a hole in the ice and because of its dangerous nature it requires special equipment to undertake this task.
Essential Scuba Diving Gear
1. Wetsuits and Drysuits. Choose depending on the temperature of the area you are going to be diving the wetsuits are for warmer waters since they trap a layer of water heated by the body and the drysuits are for colder waters since they keep out water entirely. Consider the right fit to ensure comfort in the water.
2. Dive Computer. This equipment is very necessary for showing how long the diver has been below the surface and how much time they have left based on factors like the amount of air left in the tank.
3. Buoyancy Compensator Device. (BCD) This equipment that is worn as a backpack helps the divers control their position in the water, adding air to the apparatus internal bladder allows the divers to rise to the surface while releasing air helps them sink to the bottom.
4. The Regulator Setup. It connects to the air tank and delivers air to the divers’ mouth.
5. Scuba Tank. This is the cylinder that contains the compressed air that the diver would be breathing in during the dive this air is enriched with some nitrogen as a safety against bends.
6. Masks, Fins, and Snorkels. The mask worn to cover the eyes creates a pocket of air in front of the eyes and nose in order to equalize pressure in the ears and help see clearly. Snorkels are for breathing while swimming close to the water surface and fins help in propulsion.